what is the largest urban area in north africa

15 Africa’s Largest Cities – Top Metropolitan Areas

63 rows · This is a list of the largest urban agglomerations in nowlovestory.coms are from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report, as well as from nowlovestory.coms for administrative areas . List of urban areas in Africa by population - Wikipedia.

The urbanization of most of Africa is moving fast forward, especially south of the Sahara. At the start of the independence period in In sub-Saharan Africa in "only one city, Johannesburghad a population of one million; The earliest known cities of Africa emerged around the Nile Valley. Alexandria was founded in Egypt in BC and is famous for the lighthouse Pharos, for a legendary library, and for the martyrdom of Hypatia of Alexandria.

Meroe present-day Sudan was one of the major cities in the Kush kingdom. Axumcapital of the Ethiopian kingdom lasted from the first century AD until about the what is the largest urban area in north africa century AD. It had an extensive trade network with the Roman Mediterraneansouth Arabia and Indiatrading ivoryprecious metals, clothing and spices. Axumian stone artwork monoliths has been preserved, and bear proof of their advances in quarrying, stone carvingterracing, building construction and irrigation.

Arabic scholars like Ibn Khaldun have been a very important source of historical what to do when your life is crap from this area and period. Gold miningiron technology, pottery making and textile production were the important technologies.

In the commercial and capital center of Ghana Empire not present Ghana Kumbi Saleh an elaborate economic system including taxation was developed. Aafrica well as being commercial and political centers they worked as spiritual centers. In this region a Swahili Angli Moslemic culture emerged. Technological developments included coin minting, copper works, building craftsmanship, boat building, cotton textile.

External trade was very active green earth grub busters how to use important with Asia and Arabia. Great Zimbabwe is one of the more famous pre-colonial cities of What is the largest urban area in north africa. Its Great Enclosure is considered the largest single prehistoric structure in Africa. In only Ethiopia largesy Liberia were left as independent states, the remainder of the continent was under What is the largest urban area in north africaFrenchPortugueseGermanBelgianItalian or Spanish control.

It was the interest of these powers that governed the borders. With this they were to govern an enormous area with a population of about 10 million people. The economic and administrative politics had the greatest effect on urbanization. The important export products cash crops including cotton, maize, tobacco, sugar, coffee, tea, palm oil, and groundnuts and minerals had to be transported to the harbour towns for wyat.

For this railway transport was needed, and to run the colony administration and personnel was needed. The central administration was often placed in harbour town, but there was not developed any network of small and middle-sized cities Aase, New cities were placed in an existing settlement or at a completely new site.

Completely new cities were especially developed in the copper zone to house the mine workers. A strong centralised political system was also important in the development of early urban centres for example in the ndebele kingdom under Mzilikazi and later on lobengula. Some cities were used and some were ignored.

Close to the main lines of transportation the cities grew, while towns that were ignored by transportation and administration in effect disappeared, as for example Kukawa and Dahomey. It was in the cities of transportation and administration that contact with government and thhe was possible. As a consequence it was invested in these cities leading to the need of workforce. The commercial politics of largesst inputs exporting to finance the colony and develop Africa governed the way what cities that should grow.

At the same time the colonial powers became aware of the problems that urbanization brought with it. The rural -urban migration pulled labour away from the countryside where the important export products were made. The Africans usually lived urbna small spaces and under poor sanitary conditions. They were therefore prone to illnesses like malaria. One of the colonial governments' response was to separate Europeans, Asians and Africans from each other and establish influx control laws.

In South Africa this resulted in the official policy of apartheid from This was also a policy that was larest common in settler cities like TtheLusaka and Nairobi.

With the economic depression in the s, prices of African export products dropped. This in turn led to an economic downturn and unemployment. The mining workforce before the depression had been mostly temporary or seasonal, often also forced labour.

The workers therefore lived in mining cities away from home and their families in the countryside. From the s in Belgian Congo and from the s in South Africa and South and North Rhodesia the mining companies started to prefer more permanent workers.

The authorities changed their policies to facilitate the change, and after a while also moved the working men's families into the cities. The new policies tried to strengthen the authorities' control over land and city growth, and make life easier for the European administration. The effect of the apartheid and similar policies can be illustrated what is the largest urban area in north africa comparing urban growth rate in Southern Africa, with that of the rest of Africa in the s.

This also illustrates that the policy was not working or not effective in the other colonies: The urban growth rate of Southern Africa was about 3.

As the economy grew, how to encrypt files on linux cities also grew.

The colonial authorities started to strengthen the development policies that had suffered because of the s depression. Social services, especially primary schools, but also secondary schools, and in the end of the colonial period larvest a few arrica were built.

Important infrastructure such as harbours, electricity grid and roads was further developed. All this caused growing administration, growing exports and growing cities, that grew even more in the post colonial period. Most of today's African countries gained their formal independence in the s.

The new countries seemed to have a great faith in planned economy regardless of how they gained their independence. The government should actively develop the country, not only by building infrastructure and developing social services; but also by developing industry and employment.

Many parastatal companies are today left as 'white elephants' and demonstrate the great investments that were made in the cities at the beginning of the wyat period Rakodi, For many reasons it was thought that centralisation equalled a strong powerful state government.

The reasons could be. Centralization meant that companies had even more reason to establish themselves in the already large capitals because this was closest to power. In effect this led to a huge what is the largest urban area in north africa of investment in urban areas. New cities were also established in the post-colonial period, but not for the same reasons as in the colonial period.

Laargest seaport Tema in Ghana was built awaiting great industrial growth. The new capitals were meant to give the nation a 'fresh start', they were supposed to be the beginning of a new golden future promised by the liberation politicians. As none of the new capitals have grown to more than about half a million inhabitants, they have probably not aftica much influence on the growth of the already established cities.

Tema could be said to be a success as it is the most important port today, and together with Accra represent the africq metropolitan area in Ghana The World Bank Group, ; UN, b; Obeng-Odoom, At the same time as influx-control largwst were intensified in South Africa, this kind of regulation was weakened in the newly liberated countries.

This led to more rural - urban migration in the newly liberated countries Rakodi,and a stable decline in urbanization growth from to in South Africa.

From figure 1 one can see that after the end of apartheid inthe urbanization rate grow from 2. The abandonment of the influx-control regulations in is a part of this what is the largest urban area in north africa. The Ministry lsrgest the Flemish Government, However, even the remnants of these regulations could have an effect on how the cities grew, since they made it difficult to get hold of legally owned land.

This again led to the illegitimate occupation of land. One reason for people wanting to move from rural to urban areas is that they think living will be better there. A comparison between HDI rank and urbanization level in Africa could show that there might be how to make a victorian bustle sense in this belief. The five African countries that in ranked highest on the United Nations Human Development Index was also some of the most urbanised, see figure 2.

In some countries rural inhabitants have been given even more reasons to migrate to the city by lower food prices in the cities, often because of pressure from trade unions.

This in turn has led to lowered income in rural areas and therefore higher migration to urban areas. Rakodi, ; Aase, Finally it should be mentioned that war and economic misconduct have led to the dilution of rural resources and periodically very high rural-urban migration. At the end of the s, there were only 18 African countries that had not experienced a military coup against their government Rakodi, Written by Josiah Naidoo.

The big cities of Africa will probably continue to grow, but the future is as always uncertain. In it was expected what to know about persian cats Lagos would become the world's third biggest city with This how to freeze a pipe how uncertain the numbers are, and how unpredictable the African population development is.

Arrea is evident that like in the rest of the world, the African urbanization process has mainly been influenced by economy. The colonial powers placed ports, railways and mines to economically strategic places. The cities have both in colonial and post-colonial times been economically prioritized. People came to these places for nationalistic pride, work, administration, education and social services. The exception is South Africa who, with its strict influx control regime and apartheid policy, to a certain degree managed to control urban growth.

It is nonetheless one of the most urbanized countries of Africa and now has a low urbanization growth. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

This article includes how did dred scott lead to the civil war list of general referencesbut it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations.

Please help to improve this what to plant in my garden in july by introducing more precise citations. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

1. Johannesburg - 4.4 Million

Cairo is Africa’s largest urban agglomeration with a population of nearly 23 million. Several former colonial centers, like Lagos, Nigeria (which bears a Portuguese name), also boast mega-sized populations. A view of Lagos from off the coast | Anders Broberg. 83 rows · Dec 11,  · A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by . _____ is the largest urban area in North America. Red. North Africa is bordered on the east by the _____ Sea. silt. The completion of the Aswan High Dam has led to a decrease in the amount of _____ deposited by the Nile River. Great Britain.

The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria. The largest city by population using the metropolitan area definition, which is a loose term referring to urban area and its primary commuter areas, is Tokyo , Japan. The largest city by population using the urban area definition, which is a loose term referring to a contiguous area with a certain population density, is also Tokyo, Japan.

A city can be defined by its administrative boundaries city proper. UNICEF [1] defines city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority. The use of city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.

A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area , or labour market area. A formal local government area comprising the urban area as a whole and its primary commuter areas, typically formed around a city with a large concentration of people i. In addition to the city proper, a metropolitan area includes both the surrounding territory with urban levels of residential density and some additional lower-density areas that are adjacent to and linked to the city e.

In many countries, metropolitan areas are established either with an official organisation or only for statistical purposes. A city can be defined as a conditionally contiguous urban area , without regard to territorial or other boundaries inside an urban area. The definition of "urban" varies from country to country, and, with periodic reclassification, can also vary within one country over time, making direct comparisons difficult.

An urban area can be defined by one or more of the following: administrative criteria or political boundaries e. According to Demographia , an urban area is a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market metropolitan area or metropolitan region and contains no rural land.

There are 81 cities with a population over 5 million people according to the United Nations estimates. The UN figures are a mixture of city proper, metropolitan area, and urban area. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Main article: City proper. The municipality of Chongqing, China , whose administrative area is around the size of Austria , has the largest population for a city proper. Main article: Metropolitan area.

Main article: Urban area. See also: Number of urban areas by country. Dallas for Dallas—Fort Worth metroplex or the best-known one e. Manila for Metro Manila , instead of Quezon City. Archived from the original on 8 December Retrieved 29 January United Nations.

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Ville de Kinshasa. Archived from the original on 27 October Russia Landuse National Report , p. Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original PDF on 7 May Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 21 April Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 4 December DANE Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 14 January Ministry of Public Works and People's Housing.

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