Historic environmental pollution. The Greek Mediterranean and its abundance in resources provided civilizations that evolved in the region with ample amounts of timber, water, and minerals. The ancient Greeks inherited a land covered by rich stands of oaks, pines, and other trees with thick, drought-resistant leaves called a “sclerophyllous. Contributors to poor air quality in Greece include food processing, and the tourism, textile, mining, and oil and gas industries. Available data indicates that Athens, Elefsina, Prieas, Likovrisi, and Aliartos experience high levels of air pollution.
Contributors to poor air quality in Greece include food processing, and the tourism, textile, mining, what kinds of pollution are there in greece oil and gas industries.
Available data indicates that Athens, Elefsina, Prieas, Likovrisi, and Aliartos experience high levels of air pollution. Outdoor air pollution is a mix of chemicals, particulate matter, and biological materials that react with each other to form tiny breece particles.
It contributes to breathing problems, chronic diseases, increased hospitalization, and premature mortality. The concentration of particulate matter PM is a key air quality indicator since it is the most common air pollutant that affects short term and long term health.
Two sizes of what causes constant yeast infections matter are used to analyze air quality; fine particles with a diameter of less than 2. Cities and rural areas worldwide are affected by air pollution.
When planning a trip, consider health status, age, destination, length of trip and season to mitigate the effects of air pollution. Short term polluution resulting how to seduce a woman already in a relationship exposure to air pollution include itchy eyes, nose and throat, wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, headaches, nausea, and upper respiratory infections bronchitis and pneumonia.
It what kinds of pollution are there in greece exacerbates asthma and emphysema. Long term effects include lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory illness, and developing allergies. Air pollution is also associated with heart attacks and strokes. How to stay stress free during the holidays Health Organization.
Information last updated: April 16, Sources Sources. When you have reached the point where you no pollutiion expect a response, you will at last be able to give in such a way that the other is able to receive and be grateful. Number: This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Travel Health Information.
Risk Cities and rural areas worldwide are affected by air pollution. Symptoms Short term symptoms resulting from exposure to air pollution include itchy eyes, nose and throat, wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, headaches, nausea, and upper respiratory infections bronchitis and pneumonia. Prevention Comply with air pollution advisories - ask around and observe what locals are doing and avoid strenuous activities.
Travellers with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD should carry an inhaler, antibiotic, or oral steroid - consult your doctor to see what is best for you. Older travellers with pre-existing conditions should get a physical exam that includes a stress and lung capacity test therre to departure. Newborns and young children should minimize exposure as much as possible or consider not travelling to areas with poor air quality.
Ask your medical practitioner if a face mask is advisable for you. In: Jong E, Sanford C, eds. The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual, 4 th ed. Waltham: Saunders Elsevier; Why you should get vaccinated. October 26, Returning to travel responsibly: World Tourism Day September 27, pillution Facebook Twitter Instagram LinkedIn.
Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Greece
Estimation of pollution in Greece, using perception. Result of survey about air pollution, water pollution, greens and parks satisfaction, light and noise pollution, etc. Pollution in Greece. Some of the more significant causes of air pollution in Greece stem from sources ranging from vehicular fumes and emissions to natural events such as forest fires, as were witnessed in Athens in page 7 | GREECE Plastic pollution in Greece: how to stop it ? A practical guide for policy-makers GREECE Waste is primarily managed through by municipalities, who are responsible for the collection of MSW and Blue Bin waste: In , Greece generated mega tons of plastic waste each year.
Get a monitor and contribute air quality data in your city. Greece, known officially as the Hellenic republic, is a country located in the Southeastern region of Europe, sharing borders with other countries such as Albania, Bulgaria and Turkey. The country is renowned as being the birthplace of western civilization as well as democratic thought, having lent itself to a significant amount of cultural, historical and artistic influence that flourished throughout the western world.
With a long recorded history, as well as many different cultures and kingdoms having passed through, Greece nowadays stands as a developed country with a high rating on the human development index.
On an economic level, despite being subject to a disastrous debt crisis that occurred in recent times, it still has a strong economy and many different industries that supply countries round the world with their produce.
With some With large amounts of industry coupled with anthropogenic movement, Greece sees a lowered level of air quality, with many various sources all contributing to these pollution buildups, some of which will be discussed in following. Regarding the PM2. Thessaloniki came in with a PM2. Agios Pavlos also came in with a similar reading of Greece itself came in with a yearly reading of This is quite a high rating when compared to many countries in Europe, coming in way ahead of other European nations with the U.
K coming in at 78 th place, and Germany at 74 th place. This is an indicator that Greece is subject to some levels of pollution and reduced air quality that it could certainly stand to improve, coming in just behind Chile, Laos and Peru.
Some of the more significant causes of air pollution in Greece stem from sources ranging from vehicular fumes and emissions to natural events such as forest fires, as were witnessed in Athens in To touch upon pollution caused by vehicles, this is a source that finds itself as one of the major contributors to all countries worldwide, so much so that during the era of the covid imposed lockdowns of , many cities throughout the world saw massive reductions in pollution levels due to the reduction in vehicular use, so much so that even geographical features such as distant mountain ranges that were obscured for over 2 decades reappearing, a feat that was observed in several cities in India.
With large amounts of personal vehicles such as cars and motorbikes inhabiting the roads, as well as heavy duty vehicles such as buses, trucks and lorries being present to ferry tourists around, as well as for the transportation of industrial goods for mass export as well as import, subsequent high volumes of exhaust fumes would permeate the air, creating dangerous buildups around areas that see a high volume of traffic.
Furthermore, many of these vehicles run on fossil fuels such as diesel, which can create larger amounts of pollution than one would typically find in a cleaner or more sustainable fuel source. Of note is that in more provincial areas, the use of diesel fuel would certainly be more prevalent, compounded by widespread use of older cars and motorbikes that can leak larger amounts of oil vapors and noxious fumes than a newer or more up to date model would.
Other sources of pollution include industrial zones, power plants and factories. Power plants typical run on fossil fuels such as coal, and can see large spikes in energy demand during the colder months of winter, more prominent in the northern regions of Greece where the winters are less temperate. With a subsequent higher demand for energy for the heating of both homes and businesses, these power plants would go through a higher amount of coal and give off more pollution as a result. As well as this, the numerous factories and manufacturing facilities across the country would also give out their own large amounts of pollutants, utilizing heavy machinery that runs off of diesel, as well as coal for their own energy needs.
Factories can also release their own unique industrial chemicals based on what good is being manufactured, treated or packaged, with factories that deal in any form of plastic creation or recycling putting out burnt plastic fumes, to use one as an example. Other sources would be the widespread use of burning wood for heating, a leftover from the debt crisis era when the soaring costs of electricity for heating forced many people to turn back to more traditional methods of keeping warm.
Once again referring to the cities of Thessaloniki as well as Agios Pavlos, looking at the data gathered over the course of , a pattern can be seen as to when the pollution levels are at their highest. Other cities will be referenced, but for a more prominent example due to their higher PM2. As is typical in many countries and cities that see their winters approach towards the end of the year, in direct correlation to this, Thessaloniki saw its PM2. September came in with a PM2.
This continued on with readings of Agios Pavlos had even more prominent changes occurring, with readings of This rating requires a PM2.
In closing, there were 6 cities registered in Greece that saw PM2. The most polluted month registered in the entire year of was February in Thessaloniki, with a PM2. As mentioned previously, the pollution levels present across Greece started to abate between the months of March and April, improving rapidly in many cities.
To use the most polluted city as an example once again, Thessaloniki was recorded with a PM2. Due to its incredibly small size as well as chemical composition depending on the material, it has the ability to cause considerable harm when respired, and as such is used as a major component for calculating the overall AQI, or air quality index. So, for the best readings of PM2. Following these months, the readings shot back up again, highlighting the differences between cities. To demonstrate the cities which reached the WHO's target goal reading and during what months they were in, Ovria was recorded at 9.
Ana Liosia came in with 9. This is indicative that in many cities across Greece, May was one of the cleanest months, and the time frame of April through to September is typically when the cleanest air quality readings came in. In closing, the city of Corfu was the cleanest city in Greece registered in , with a yearly reading of 7.
With many of the cities on record in Greece coming with fairly high pollution readings over the last few years, there would be a number of adverse health issues that may arise as a result of overexposure to polluted air, particularly to those previously mentioned vulnerable groups, as well as lifestyle and location playing a part in these risks, with those living near to busy roads or industrial sites that give off large amounts of pollution being at greater risk than those living in a clean coastal city such as Corfu.
Some of these health risks would include short term ones, with smoke from vehicles and burnt organic matter causing irritation to mucous membranes, triggering off allergies or skin rashes in young children or those with a chemical sensitivity, as well as instances of coughing, chest infections or increased rates of asthma attacks amongst sufferers. Other more chronic or long term issues would be ones such as the development of lung cancer and other respiratory illnesses, such as pneumonia, emphysema and bronchitis, all of which fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD bracket.
Due to a large amount of pollution being generated by combustion sources such as vehicle engines, industrial sites and the burning of wood or other materials, there would be large amounts of fine particulate matter such as black carbon in the air, one of the main components of soot and a potent carcinogen when inhaled. Chemicals released from vehicles consist mainly of nitrogen dioxide NO 2 and sulfur dioxide SO 2 , with nitrogen dioxide being the main offender when it comes to vehicular emissions, with large volumes of it often being found near areas of high traffic density.
Others include volatile organic compounds VOC's such as benzene, toluene and methylene chloride. Finely ground particulate matter such as silica and gravel dust would also be present, released alongside metals such as lead or mercury from construction sites or industrial zones. Contributors 4. Data sources 3. Air Quality contributors Sources Data provided by Contributors 4. Join the movement! Become a contributor. Places Fires Heatmap Wind. Unhealthy for sensitive groups.
Very unhealthy. US AQI 1 Bangladesh '' 2 Pakistan '' 3 India 1''' 4 Mongolia 3'' 5 Afghanistan 38'' 6 Oman 5'' 7 Qatar 2'' 8 Kyrgyzstan 6'' 9 Indonesia '' 10 Bosnia Herzegovina 3'' 48 Greece 10'' How to best protect from air pollution? Reduce your air pollution exposure in Greece Car air purifier Air purifier Air quality monitor.
How polluted is the air in Greece? What are some of the main causes of poor air quality and pollution in Greece? When does Greece have its highest levels of pollution? When is the air quality at its cleanest in Greece?
What are some health issues associated with breathing polluted air in Greece? What are some of the main pollutants found in the air in Greece? University of Patras 1 station. Which is the most polluted state in Greece?
Media Newsroom Press releases Media contact. Partner Become a dealer. Rest of the world. All rights reserved. This hourly ranking includes 49 Greece cities with PM2. Metamorfosi, Attica. Ano Liosia, Attica. Keratsini, Attica. Peristeri, Attica. Agia Varvara, Attica. Corfu, Ionian Islands. Vrachnaiika, West Greece. Patras, West Greece. Tinos, South Aegean. Ellispontos, West Macedonia. Aktaio, West Greece. Meligalas, Peloponnese. Messini, Peloponnese.
Kalamaria, Central Macedonia. Corfu , Ionian Islands Anatoli , Epirus Bosnia Herzegovina.